Disproportionality/Over-Under Representation


School Discipline Data Indicators: A Guide for Districts and Schools

(2017, April) | Useful to educators, schools, and districts in identifying and addressing racial/ethnic disproportionality in discipline practices. Also useful to Parent Centers involved in their state’s ESSA planning with respect to disproportionality. This guide from the Institute of Education Sciences is designed to supply educators with a means to identify whether racial/ethnic disproportionality in […]

Buzz from the Hub | Significant Disproportionality

Buzz from the Hub, February 2017, Issue 1 Theme: Significant Disproportionality This issue of the Buzz from the Hub connects you with new resources on significant disproportionality, an ongoing concern in schools districts, especially in special education classification. Your state is now making important decisions about how it will identify and reduce significant disproportionality under IDEA. We […]

Dear Colleague Letter on Preventing Racial Discrimination in Special Education

(2016, December 12) | Useful to Parent Centers in learning more about and working with others to prevent racial discrimination in schools. The Office for Civil Rights (OCR) at the U.S. Department of Education issued a 25-page Dear Colleague Letter on Preventing Racial Discrimination in Special Education on December 12, 2016, to help ensure that all students, regardless […]

School Climate and Discipline

(2016) | Useful to Parent Centers and all education stakeholders engaged in trying to create positive school climates and reduce disproportionality. This page of resources at the U.S. Department of Education is really a suite of resources that connects you with the latest data and thinking on suspension and expulsion of students from school. The […]

Final IDEA Regulations on Disproportionality

(2016, December) | Useful to Parent Centers, stakeholders, and advocates concerned with addressing the significant disproportionality with which students from specific ethnic or racial groups are placed in special education. On December 12, 2016, the U.S. Department of Education released final regulations under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), aimed at promoting […]

Methods for Assessing Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in Special Education – A Technical Assistance Guide Revised

This May, 2014 TA guide describes the more common methods for calculating racial/ethnic disproportionality in special education. IDC revised the guide, originally published by the Data Accountability Center (DAC) in October 2011, because of a change in SPP/APR indicators B9 and B10 to remove underrepresentation from the measure. http://ideadata-admin.s3.amazonaws.com/docs/IDC_TA_Guide_508-Compliant-052814.pdf

Distinguishing Difference from Disability: The Common Causes of Racial/Ethnic Disproportionality in Special Education

This Equity In Action is intended to provide educators and researchers with comprehensive information on identifying and reducing disproportionality in schools. The brief describes a data-driven process for identifying root causes as well as the driving forces (internal and external to district) of those root causes. Read the report at: https://steinhardt.nyu.edu/scmsAdmin/media/users/ll81/Common_Causes_Brief_TAC-D.pdf

Addressing Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Student Overrepresentation in Special Education: Guidelines for Parents

(2006) | Do bias or inappropriate practice play a role in the placement of culturally and linguistically diverse students in special education? Is the representation of low-income students in special education programs larger than their representation in the school population at your child’s school? This brief will review the problem “overrepresentation” in special education programs, the […]

Module 5: Disproportionality and Overrepresentation

by Perry Williams Office of Special Education Programs U.S. Department of Education January 2007 September 2017 Editor’s Note: Module 5 on Disproportionality in Special Education is in the process of being updated to reflect changes in the IDEA regulations. We will soon be posting the first slideshow in the revised version as well as the trainer’s […]

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